It is not possible to consider people and society independently from their cultural environment and historical existence. The role of the historian is not to praise the past, boast or live in the past, but to put historical information at the service of the society to understand the present and enable societies to freshen up themselves. The historian crates intellectual work by producing works of thought. The historian does not produce information to solve current problems of the society, but the information he produces helps to understand the source of the problems. With his work, Taha Niyazi Karaca shows those interesting in historiography how they should take their first steps on the path of history by explaining the principles of this profession. He explains, one by one, what a historian should pay attention to when doing his job, what rules he is limited by, and what is in his toolbox. After revealing the past and present state of historiography, he underlines the research methods used by the historian and the ethical rules he has to abide by. In short, Taha Niyazi Karaca, in his work, answers the question: “How to become a historian?”